KymaConnect, vM2, vKA FAQ’s

No. KymaConnect requires Kyma to be installed on a Mac running OSX 10.6 or higher.
PacaConnect is no longer available for purchase. Current PacaConnect customers can continue to use our Contact page for any support related questions.

PacaConnect only worked on OS X 10.5. It was discontinued because it was becoming increasingly difficult to support it on both older and the current version of OSX.
KymaConnect is in many ways "CapyLink Deluxe". CapyLink focuses on a very specific capability: providing enough OSC support so that Capybara users can take advantage of Delora Software's vKi and vKiP wireless controllers. It made no attempt to streamline a Capybara's MIDI set up. KymaConnect on the other hand, steps beyond the basic CapyLink features to fully integrate up to four MIDI devices. This feature alone often removes the need to have some type of hardware MIDI patchbay and merger between the Mac, external MIDI devices, and the Capybara. It is also a feature that is useful every time you use Kyma, even when you are not using wireless control. Furthermore we have enhanced CapyLink's OSC facilities by adding some commands to control basic Kyma operation, like starting and stopping a sound, choosing a VCS page, or a VCS preset. These can be used by controllers like TouchOSC.
We have some tips for you in the "Systems Issues and Setup" section of our "Sound Advice" tab.
Because Symbolic Sound added OSC to Kyma it might seem that vM2 is no longer an essential ingredient in a Kyma set up. OSC is a powerful addition but that power comes with a price: you must craft an OSC setup for each and every Kyma sound you wish to control. vM2 works together with Kyma's built-in "Virtual Control Surface" (VCS) to insure automatic set up for every sound in your Kyma library, now and in the future. Some other considerations for using vM2 include:
  • Kyma's VCS offers additional control that is not yet available just using OSC (but is provided by vM2). Examples include preset (snapshot) selection, master volume control, and "rolling the dice" to create new presets.
  • The VCS automatically updates vM2 each time a new sound is run. If your other OSC-based controller requires a "template" or other customization for each sound you will have to remember to manually switch to that configuration when you change sounds.
  • Kyma OSC support only works with the Paca and Pacarana sound engines. If you have a Capybara you do not have the option of direct OSC control without resorting to some DIY assembly using tools like Max or Osculator. vM2 eliminates this effort so you can focus on making sounds with Kyma.
  • To effectively use OSC with Kyma, you have to become knowledgeable about the OSC standard and the particulars of how Kyma sounds are controlled by OSC.
  • Your OSC controller needs to be appropriately "programmed" for each and every Kyma sound. With the Lemur this means creating, testing, and refining a template each time. A similar process is needed with other OSC-enabled controllers. Because vM2 works together with Kyma's built-in control surface, it "just works" with any Kyma sound without effort on your part.
vM2 and Kyma OSC support do, however, partner to provide additional hands-on options that were previously difficult if not impossible. You can use vM2 and personalized OSC controller setups to control Kyma sounds, even at the same time. Create that custom Lemur template that is exactly what you want for a particular sound. Use the vM2 template for most of your sounds and switch to your personalized template when you wish to control that particular sound. vM2 will sit quietly in the background while the Lemur is busy doing other things and pick right back up when you switch back. Or integrate the vM2 template with your personalized one so that each are a touch away.

We believe that Kyma's native VCS controlled by vM2 is the easiest, most direct approach to Kyma control. vM2 and the Kyma VCS work hand-in-glove to handle the nitty-gritty details of giving all of your Kyma sounds a robust, hands-on user interface. It does all the work for you so you can focus on the sonic aspects of your Kyma explorations.
KymaConnect enhances your Paca(rana) set up by providing enhanced MIDI support and by increasing your set up networking options. The basic Paca or Pacarana based Kyma set up requires a MIDI interface for the Paca(rana). This can be accomplished with one of three approaches: connect a compatible USB MIDI interface to the Paca(rana), use a FireWire soundcard with a built-in MIDI interface with the Paca(rana), or use an application like KymaConnect that uses the Paca(rana)'s OSC support to deliver MIDI to and from the Paca(rana).

But KymaConnect goes beyond this basic MIDI facility. It's quite common to want to control your Kyma sounds from an external MIDI controller and from a software DAW or other application. This requires at least a MIDI interface on the computer dedicated to the Paca(rana). If you desire to play Kyma sounds without the software DAW running then you will also need some type of MIDI merge or MIDI switch facility. KymaConnect includes a MIDI patchbay and MIDI merge features. This saves additional MIDI hardware, plus the dedicated MIDI interface from the computer to the Paca(rana)'s MIDI port is no longer necessary. When you add up the cables and MIDI devices KymaConnect eliminates, it's quite a savings in cost and system complexity.

KymaConnect also simplifies placing the Paca(rana) on a network, a requirement if you wish to use any type of OSC control from either software applications or other devices like Kyma Control running on an iPad. If your Mac currently does not use any networking, or only uses its built-in Wi-Fi then you are faced with adding a network hardware like switches/hubs, even Wi-Fi access points just so you can take advantage of something like Kyma Control. This may not be an issue in the studio but on stage it can add a good deal of extra cables and gear, which of course means a greater likelihood of a mishap.

KymaConnect greatly simplifies most Paca(rana) networking setups by making it possible to directly connect the Mac and Paca(rana) using the Mac's built-in Ethernet connection. A second Mac network connection, usually its built-in Airport Wi-Fi, is then used to either connect to a larger, more comprehensive studio network, or to simply provide a dedicated Wi-Fi network that you can connect your iPad or iPhone/iPod in order to use controllers like vKiP, vKi, Kyma Control, or TouchOSC. Again KymaConnect saves you both cost and complexity.

Even if you are already fully networked in your studio, and the Paca(rana) can be conveniently connected by a physical network cable, you may still find KymaConnect a useful addition. One "trick" is that you can dedicate a direct network between the Mac and the Paca(rana). This isolates the Paca(rana) OSC traffic from general network traffic, which improves latency and increases reliability. Furthermore since you can also create a "private" Wi-Fi network between that same Mac and an external device, that too can have greater reliability and less latency. KymaConnect is a key ingredient to a robust, high performance network between your Wi-Fi controller and the Paca(rana).

Some final words about MIDI and the Paca(rana). OSC opens new horizons on the Kyma landscape but it does not yet replace MIDI. MIDI remains an important, essential ingredient in your Kyma workflow. It is the normal way you play and sequence your sounds from an external sequencer, whether that runs on your Mac or is even a dedicated hardware sequencer. It is also the means by which you play Kyma sounds from keyboard and other controllers. If you still wish to use physical controllers like the MotorMix, BCF2000, or even a general purpose MIDI "fader box" those still rely on MIDI passing to and from the Paca(rana). So nearly every Kyma set up today still faces the need to have a MIDI connection to and from the Paca(rana). KymaConnect provides this and a good deal more.
One feature in vM2 2.0 and vKA is the inclusion of a virtual MIDI port named "Paca(rana)" that is automatically set up when you use vM2 or vKA with a Paca or Pacarana. This virtual port can be used by any software application to exchange MIDI data with a Paca(rana), and is identical to the one included with KymaConnect. If you only use MIDI to send to and from an application like Logic Pro or Ableton Live then the included integrated virtual MIDI port may be all you need.

However many users employ their Kyma system sometimes in a "stand alone" manner, meaning it is not always used in conjunction with a DAW or other application. This might be a performance setup on stage, or simply doing sound design back in the studio. The virtual MIDI port included with vM2 and vKA does not really help much in this situation. If you need to, for example, play Kyma sounds from your external MIDI keyboard, you will need another utility program to handle the MIDI input from that controller and forward it to your Paca(rana) using the vM2 virtual MIDI port.

KymaConnect addresses exactly this situation. Suppose you want to control Kyma from your external hardware synthesizer's keyboard, and you have a "MIDI knob box" that you want to use with vM2 for some additional hands-on interaction. KymaConnect handles the MIDI conversation between these two external controllers and the Paca(rana) using the same network connection used by vM2. Kymaconnect eliminates the need for any physical MIDI connections and interfaces for the Paca(rana).
vM2 is a general-purpose "control surface" that can be used with any application that supports a MotorMix controller. One prominent example is Logic Pro. Logic Pro has fully integrated MotorMix support. This means that vM2 can be used to control many aspects of Logic's operation in a mouse-free fashion. There is, however, one important application that supports the MotorMix that does not currently work with vM2: Pro Tools. The reason for this is that Pro Tools uses a special MotorMix mode that historically was not available to other software applications.

vKA, on the other hand, is specifically designed for use with Kyma. vKA transforms the Akai APC-40 controller into a substitute for MotorMix control of Kyma's VCS. It is not a general-purpose stand-in for a MotorMix.

KymaConnect was designed as accessories to Symbolic Sounds Paca and Pacarana hardware sound engines (KymaConnect also supports the Capybara with some services). They use OSC to communicate with the Paca(rana), specifically a part of the OSC standard that we like to call "Midi-over-OSC". Basically this means KymaConnect/PacaConnect sends and receives MIDI data with a Paca(rana) by packaging the MIDI in a way that can be sent using a standard OSC "link". Since OSC is an open standard other hardware devices and software applications are free to also support the same Midi-over-OSC method KymaConnect employs.
Typically the firewall is operating in your network router connected to the Internet. This does not require any additional set up. A firewall will only enter the picture if you are using vM2 or vKA in "Paca(rana) mode", meaning you are using a network connection to send OSC to and from the Paca(rana).

Whether the firewall is an issue or not depends on where the firewall is installed. In general a firewall can affect set up if it is between the computer running vM2/vKA and the Paca(rana). The reason is that the Paca(rana) both receives and sends OSC messages. In order to send to the computer running vM2/vKA the firewall must be set up to allow those messages through. A common situation where the firewall can become a factor is when the firewall itself runs on the same Mac as vM2/vKA.

Each of these products uses a dynamic port assignment method to create the necessary communication pathway between the Paca(rana) and the Mac. This can make firewall set up a little tricky. Basically the firewall must pass UDP messages to any of the ports in the range of 49,152 - 65,535.

If your Mac is running OSX's built-in firewall then you still have to set it up to allow vM2/vKA and your Paca(rana) to communicate. Leopard's and Snow Leopard's firewall will automatically ask permission to allow vM2/vKA to send and receive messages. vM2/vKA attempts to reuse the same port each time you start it so answering the firewalls prompt to allow communications is usually a one time affair. However if the port is currently in use by another application then vM2/vKA will use a different port and you will be asked by the firewall to allow that port.

If you use another type of firewall and are unable or unwilling to open up the required ports then you will no longer be able to benefit from dynamic port assignment. vM2 and vKA do not support assigning a specific port number from the preference pane but there is a work around. Please contact support ( and we will be happy to provide instructions.
Typically the firewall is operating in your network router connected to the Internet. This does not require any additional set up.

If the firewall is between your Mac running KymaConnect and your iDevice then you will have to set it up to allow network traffic between the Mac and your iDevice. We discourage this usage as it greatly complicates set up. For more information about a firewall between your Mac and iDevice, see the corresponding question in the vKiP FAQ’s.

If the firewall is between your Mac and the Paca(rana) this also requires firewall set up. Again we discourage this type of configuration and recommend that your Mac, Paca(rana), and iDevice all connect behind the same firewall.

If your Mac is running OSX's built-in firewall then you still have to set it up to allow KymaConnect to communicate with your iDevice, and for KymaConnect to communicate with your Paca(rana). The built-in firewall should prompt you the first time you run PacaConnect to ask for permission to use the appropriate ports. However, KymaConnect normally uses dynamically assigned ports, meaning that the ports used can change each time you run it. KymaConnect attempts to reuse the same ports it used previously but if some other application is using them KymaConnect will use different ports, and the firewall will again ask you for permission to use those ports. The port numbers are in the range 49,152 - 65,535, and the network traffic type is "UDP".

If you use another type of firewall and are unable or unwilling to open up the required ports then you will no longer be able to benefit from dynamic port assignment. You can use the "Force port 8000" option on the preference panel to partially address this but the port used to connect to the Paca(rana) does not have such a preference setting. However there is a work around. Please contact support ( and we will be happy to provide instructions.
Sure! vKA is designed to work with Kyma and Ableton Live at the same time. You can switch between which application the APC-40 is currently controlling with a simple button press. When the APC-40 is controlling one application vKA still monitors activity from the other and remembers it so when you switch back everything is as expected. Please see the vKA user manual for more details.
Most OSC and similar controllers do not currently support BlueTooth. KymaConnect supports the standard OS X networking scheme that also supports Bonjour and UDP (Wi-Fi and Ethernet the most common) but other "network stacks", such as BlueTooth, should work in theory.

However real-world limitations make BlueTooth impractical at this time. iOS controllers like our vKiP and vKi do not support BlueTooth due to current iOS restrictions, and the limitations of the technology. BlueTooth is very useful for low data bandwidth applications like keyboards and mice, and it has special modes to support some media streaming. But as a general network "transport layer" it does not offer low enough latency and sufficient bandwidth to create a high quality OSC controller experience. BlueTooth also suffers from limited connection range. So it is not something we recommend or support at this time.
While OSCulator may seem to offer some of KymaConnect's features, there are important differences. Many users will find that using OSCulator and KymaConnect together is the smoothest way to integrate external control into a Kyma set up.

One of the benefits of KymaConnect is that they are designed to replace hardware MIDI interfaces, merge boxes, and cables. Both KymaConnect and OSCulator each offer a virtual MIDI port that applications can use to send MIDI to and from a Paca(rana). KymaConnect adds support for four additional devices. KymaConnect also adds a powerful MIDI router that can address some difficult MIDI connection issues. OSCulator, on the other hand, requires an additional application to handle input from those MIDI devices to merge their MIDI data before sending it on to the Paca(rana).

With KymaConnect "just sit down and play" can be important. They silently run in the background so that your MIDI controller is always at the ready to play a Kyma sound; no other software (other than Kyma itself!) is needed. With OSCulator you need to start it, and a second application. In a sense KymaConnect is the missing ingredient to afford your Kyma system the same ease-of-use as a conventional hardware synthesizer.

KymaConnect also addresses the networking side of things in a way that works seamlessly with any application or device that expects to use bidirectional OSC communication with the Paca(rana).

OSCulator is a powerful, flexible tool that can provide many benefits to a Kyma set up. It can be used along side KymaConnect for comprehensive Kyma control. KymaConnect handles general MIDI control in an easy manner; OSCulator handles special controllers and requirements in a powerful manner. Together they form an awesome team!